2% Hydroquinoine, 8% Lactic Acid and 2% Citric Acid. These ingredients
are the most effective agents available today for treatment of melasma,
freckles, brown and age spots (hyperpigmentation), sun damage and acne
discolorations of the skin. Recent advances in the technology and research
believe that combination of these ingredients (known for their potent
bleaching synergy) will give the results that never been obtainable
TO USE PIGMENT SERUM ?
PIGMENT SERUM can be used twice a day to achieve optimal results rapidly.
At morning, wash your face with a cleanser. Apply a thin coat of PIGMENT
SERUM over the treated area. After 30 minutes, apply an SPF of 15 or
greater. Apply cosmetics normally. At night, wash your face. Apply a
thin coat of PIGMENT SERUM over area to be treated. If using other products
such as tretinoin or alpha hydroxy acid, apply these products first
and wait 30 minutes before applying PIGMENT SERUM. The less product
you use, the less chance of irritation there is. Many bleaching products
are aggressive and it can be hard to combine bleaching products with
other products without irritation. The less product you use, the less
chance of irritation there is. When using PIGMENT SERUM, you can expect
to experience some redness, itching, or flaking, this is most common
when treatment is started. When using PIGMENT SERUM, staying out of
the sun will prolong the effects of the treatment. Always use sunblock
and hat. Exposure to sun deteriorates the hydroquinone, rending it ineffective.
When melasma is being treated, it is recommended to keep using PIGMENT
SERUM until permission is given from your doctor to quit. Keep PIGMENT
SERUM out of the reach of children. In case of accidental ingestion,
call a physician or poison control center immediately.
FAST WILL PIGMENT SERUM WORK ?
You may see a decrease in pigmentation and an overall improvement in
skin tone and clarity within eight weeks. When using PIGMENT SERUM on
the hands or chest, visible results may take a little longer because
the skin on those areas of the body tends to be more difficult to penetrate.
PIGMENT SERUM may changes color from clear to almond with exposure to
air. This does not change how well PIGMENT SERUM works.
Water, Lactic Acid, Sodium Hydroxide, Citric Acid, Hydroquinone, Xanthan
Gum, Sodium Sulfite, Diazolidinyl Urera, Sodium Metabisulfite, Methylparaben,
Potassium Sorbate, Polysorbate-20, Allantoin, Disodium EDTA, Fragrance.
is Hydroquinone ?
Hydroquinone is the most popular, and is also the most effective topical
hypopigmenting agent. Hydroquinone works by inhibiting the conversion
of tyrosine to melanin, inhibiting the formation of melanosomes and
increase the degradation to melanosomes, and by inhibiting by inhibiting
the DNA and RNA synthesis of melanocytes. As a result, hydroquinone
affects only cells with active tyrosinase activity. Active tyrosine's
activity is only found in epidermal melanocytes. In dermal melanin,
tyrosinase activity is not present; therefore dermal melasma is resistant
to hydroquinone. The chemical stability of hydroquinone formulations
is important because hydroquinone is easily oxidized and loses potency.
Hydroquinone formulation should be kept in no larger than 2 ounce and
should be used within 90 days after opening. The lightening effect of
hydroquinone can be enhanced by combining it with other agents such
as alphahydroxy acids such as lactic acid and citric acid.
IS LACTIC ACID ?
Lactic Acid is an alpha hydroxy acid, although it is not technically
a bleach agent, it has been shown to have lightening properties superior
to other alpha hydroxy acid, particularly on melasma conditions. It
is also one of the only lightening agents shown to be safe on darker
skin. it is also non-irritating and can be used on sensitive skin.
IS CITRIC ACID ?
shows that Citric Acid to be effective lightning agent that inhibits
the production of melanin (brown pigment).
ARE PIGMENTED SPOTS ?
Lentigines (known as age spots) and ephelides (known as freckles) are
tan, brown or black spots that appear over time on sun exposed areas
of the skin. These spots are common on the backs of the hand, face and
legs. Those who tan extensively will also have them over the shoulders,
back, chest and other areas of the skin. Lentigines are superficial
collections of skin pigment called melanin that have accumulated within
the top layer of skin called the epidermis. Ephelides are common in
lighter skin who sunburn easily. Lentigines usually appear later in
life and may occur in all skin types. Lentigines are caused by prolonged
sun exposure or sunburns and appear later in adult life. Ephelides occur
even in children after brief periods of sun exposure. Both types of
pigmented only rarely occur in non-sun exposed areas. Sun avoidance
and the use of good sunscreen protection can help minimize the appearance
of both lentigines and ephelides.
Melasma is commonly acquired increase of pigmentation that occurs in
sun-exposed areas. Brown in color, it is severed by sun exposure, pregnancy,
oral contraceptives, and certain anti-epilepsy drugs. Melasma is usually
common, especially in women of childbearing age. However, up to 15%
of cases have been reported in males. All races are affected, but there
is a prominence among Asians and Latinos. Melasma is more apparent during
and after periods of sun exposure and less obvious in winter months,
when there is less sun. Melasma presents itself in one of the three
usually symmetrical facial patterns. The most common is a Centrofacial
pattern, the cheeks, forehead, upper lip, nose, and chin. Less common
are the malar pattern, the cheeks and nose, and the mandibuylar pattern,
the side of the cheeks and jaw line.
IS FRECKLES ?
Freckles are common amongst a lot of people. Some patients have a variety
known as "sunburn freckles" or ephelides. These are larger
and darker than standard freckles that are brown color. The edges are
irregular, but the pigment is even throughout the lesion. Sun-induced
freckles are associated with non-melanoma and melanoma skin cancers.
ARE THE CAUSES OF MELASMA?
Melasma has been considered to originate from pregnancy, oral contraceptives,
endocrine dysfunction, genetic factors, medications, nutritional deficiency,
hepatic dysfunction, and other factors. More cases appear to be related
to pregnancy and oral contraceptives. The infrequency of melasma in
postmenopausal women on estrogen replacement recommends that estrogen
alone is not the cause. In more recent experience, combination treatment
using estrogen plus progestational agents is being used in postmenopausal
women, and melasma is being observed in some of these older women who
did not have melasma during their pregnancies. Sun exposure is appear
to be a stimulating factor in the predisposed individuals.
SERUM is a safe and effective way of treating pigmentation. High quality
and effective ingredients have been carefully blended and specially
formulated with essential lightning agents which have been proven to
fade freckles, age spots, and melasma (mask of pregnancy) and is equally
effective for pimples and scars.
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